Arequipa is the capital and largest city of the province of Arequipa and the seat of the Constitutional Court and the "Legal Capital of Peru". Also known as the White City, it is the second most populous city in Peru, with 844,407 inhabitants according to INEI projections.
Arequipa is an important commercial center of Peru and is as second most industrialized city in the country. Its industrial activity includes manufactured products and export quality camelid wool textiles. The city has close trade ties with Chile, Bolivia and Brazil, with cities connected by the Southern Railway and with the port of Matarani.